The Holy Metropolitan Cathedral Church of the Incarnation of Granada is a Catholic temple in the Spanish city of Granada, seat of the archdiocese of the city. The temple is one of the greatest works of the Spanish Renaissance.
During the Renaissance, the Kingdom of Granada, like Galicia, formed an independent artistic center of the predominant style in the rest of the peninsula, Herrerianism.
With the reign of Carlos I of Spain, numerous constructions will be carried out in the city of Granada, given the intention of the monarch to turn the city into the model city of the 16th century. Thus the construction of the Cathedral of Granada will be contemporary with those of the Christian palace of the Alhambra, the University and the Chancellery.
The first project was entrusted in 1506 to Enrique Egas, who conceived a Gothic-style temple, taking the Cathedral of Toledo as a model. The works began, under the direction of Egas himself, with the solemn laying of the first stone on March 25, 1523. However, it was Diego de Siloé who, in 1529, was in charge of the works, which will be concluded in 1563, presenting a much more ambitious new project. The author drew the Renaissance lines of the entire building on the Gothic foundations, with an ambulatory and five naves instead of the usual three, combining elements from other architectural orders in its structure.
With the arrival of the centralist policy of Felipe II and, especially, with the expulsion of the Moors in 1609, the region lost much of its economic strength and was relegated to other local centers. However, important artistic projects continued to be developed. This is the case of the reform of the main façade undertaken by Alonso Cano in 1664, in which Baroque elements were introduced.
The magnificence of the project would have been even greater if the two great towers of eighty-one meters in height had been erected, envisaged in the plans. The project was not completed due to various problems, including the death of Alonso Cano in 1667, and other economic problems, so that finally, in 1684, the Cathedral was left with a tower, made up of only three bodies instead of the six planned and with a total of fifty-seven meters high. In 1706 Francisco Hurtado Izquierdo and later his collaborator José Bada built the current tabernacle of the cathedral. In it, the author broke his rococo tendency, respecting the sobriety of lines and the classic structure of the rest of the ensemble.Article obtained from Wikipedia article Wikipedia in his version of 15/10/2020, by various authors under the license Licencia de Documentación Libre GNU.